The results were nonlinear, though, meaning that at a certain threshold of representation, the teen pregnancy rate dropped significantly. A 10 percent increase in the representation of African-American teachers would result in approximately six fewer African-American teen pregnancies in a district, the study reads. However, once a district reaches a threshold level of 2029 percent African-American teachers, we observe a significant decrease in African- American teen pregnancy rates (18.8 fewer pregnancies per 1,000). Implications: The idea is that the presence of role models can lead to positive benefits for the people who identify with them. The fact that increased African-American representation among teachers is linked with reduced African-American teen pregnancy rates is especially significant when you consider that, according to the study, those rates are higher for African Americans than any other group, even when you control for socioeconomic status. The study found that the percentage of white teachers did not affect that pregnancy rate among white teens.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2013/11/study-black-students-with-black-teachers-have-lower-rates-of-teen-pregnancy/281220/
Hospital Stay in Pregnancy Raises VTE Risk
The VTE rate during and after hospital admission combined was highest among women in their third trimester (961/100,000 person years, adjusted incidence rate ratio 5.57, 95% CI 3.32-9.34). There was a four-fold increase in VTE risk among women whose hospital stay was less than 3 days (adjusted incidence rate ratio 4.05, 95% CI 2.23-7.38). “When we restricted our analysis to women without medical comorbidities or recognized risk factors for VTE we still found that their risk was higher, especially if they were hospitalized for more than 3 days or were older or hospitalized in their third trimester,” Sultan said. He added that one message from the study is that all pregnant women should be assessed for VTE risk when they are hospitalized during pregnancy, as well as when they are discharged. The researchers concluded that the risks of thromboprophylaxis with drugs like low-molecular-weight heparin have to be weighed against the potential benefits on a case-by-case basis.
For the original version including any supplementary images or video, visit http://www.medpagetoday.com/OBGYN/Pregnancy/42772